This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical additional supply.

Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing in regards to the initial or “target” text that could never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis might phone the legitimacy of this arguments of this lens piece into concern, expand the arguments for the lens text, or provoke several other reevaluation of this two texts. In either case, you’ll be creating a“dialogue that is critical texts.”

Reading the Texts

You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.

First, read the lens text to recognize the core that is author’s and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are generally thick and complex, it may possibly be beneficial to develop a plan of this author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a lens that is valuable will “grapple with main a few ideas” of this lens text, as opposed to working with remote quotes that will or might not be indicative for the author’s argument in general. As a result, it is crucial to ensure that you certainly realize and may articulate the author’s details before continuing to your target text.

Then, quickly browse the target text to build up an idea that is general of content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of contract or disagreement between the two texts? Which associated with lens text’s main arguments could be used to your target text? It might be much easier to give attention to 1 or 2 of the lens text’s central arguments.

By using these tips at heart, return back and browse the target text very very carefully, through the theoretical lens, wondering the next concerns: which are the primary the different parts of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary parts into the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s vocabulary that is theoretical logic to circumstances when you look at the target text? Are there any circumstances where in actuality the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? Exactly why is this? It is useful to keep a careful, written record of web web page figures, quotes, as well as your ideas and responses while you read.

Because this kind of paper addresses a synthesis that is complex of sources, it’s particularly essential to possess a definite course of action before you start composing. It may help to cluster quotes or activities by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or perhaps modify the arguments when you look at the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, tips, and arguments will quickly emerge and you will begin drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As your paper has to do with the interactions that are complex numerous texts, it is vital to explain what you should be doing the introduction. Be sure to plainly introduce the lens text and its own certain arguments you should be employing or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its own themes that are specific activities you are handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some sorts of thesis declaration. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, be sure it states the points of connection you will end up talking about, and describes exacltly what the critical or theoretical analysis for the target text reveals in regards to the texts.

Composing your body

Your body is when you use particular arguments through the lens text to certain quotes or circumstances when you look at the target text. In each full situation, be sure to discuss exactly exactly what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or the other way around). Make use of the lens text’s vocabulary and rational framework to examine the mark text, but remember to be clear about where a few ideas into the paper are coming from (the lens text, the prospective text, your personal interpretation etc.) therefore the reader does not be confused.

By participating in this sort of analysis, you might customwriting be “entering an academic conversation” and inserting your personal tips. Since this is definitely truly easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show of good use. Within their guide, they do say, I state, the authors set down numerous templates to assist authors take part in unknown kinds of critical discourse that is academic. They encourage students to make use of the templates in almost any ability they find helpful, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them as an analytical access point, then discarding them entirely.

Right right Here we modify their fundamental template (They say ________. I say ________.), to generate lens essay-specific templates to help you to get started:

The writer regarding the lens text lays away a helpful framework for understanding instances of ________ in the mark text. Indeed, into the target text, one sees ________, which may be looked at a good example of ________ by the lens author’s definition. Therefore, we come across a place of commonality _____ that is concerning__. This similarity reveals ________.

In line with the lens text _______ tends that occurs in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the mark text could possibly be considered an example of _______. But, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees ________ in the goal text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that writer of the lens text is proper that ________, you would be prepared to see ________ in the goal text. Nonetheless, ________ really takes place, revealing a point that is critical of. This discord implies that ________. This problem is crucial because ________.

Wrapping Things up and Drawing Conclusions

The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important when it comes to control by which you might be composing. This means that, that which was the idea of undertaking your analysis in the beginning? Delighted lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They State, I State. (Ny: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *